COVID – 19 has had a profound effect on people’s lives globally, posing tremendous problems to public health, society, and the economy. COVID-19’s spread has been astounding, putting the lives of the most vulnerable at risk.
What is Coronavirus?
Coronavirus is a group of viruses comprised of genetic material encased in a lipid envelope with protein spike. It can cause various respiratory diseases, including severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus, or SARS-CoV 2, which was identified in Wuhan, China. Symptoms are fever, cough, fatigue, loss of taste or smell, shortness of breath, and chest pain.
Recent research reveals that viruses may readily be transmitted between people in proximity and can spread in crowded locations.
Additionally, those with a weakened immune system are more susceptible to the infection. The danger of disease remains high, as variant mutations are continually emerging. Omicron, a more modern variant, is easily transmissible and has been shown to reduce the effectiveness of immunizations. Thus, booster vaccination is critical for those at higher risk of COVID-19 to avoid breakthrough infections.
Higher Risk Groups
Seniors have a weakened immune system, which predisposes them to severe and viral conditions, including heart disease, renal failure, and diabetes; impairing their capacity to fight the virus. According to Statista, persons aged 50 and over account for 93.6 percent of all COVID-19 fatalities in the United States. They are likely to be hospitalized and admitted to Intensive Care Units, with a greater fatality rate.
Individuals who suffer from respiratory problems
COVID-19 is a lung-related disease that can cause moderate to severe breathing difficulties. Variants infect both the upper and lower lungs, leading to a swollen and inflammatory respiratory tract. You may first have a dry cough and sore throat. It should not, however, be disregarded. If it becomes critical, it can induce severe damage to the walls and linings of your lungs, which can be life-threatening.
Persons with comorbidity
Comorbidities refer to the presence of multiple medical problems in a single patient. Comorbidities increase the likelihood of hospitalization and the development of severe coronavirus symptoms. Their compromised immune system is prone to deteriorate because of their condition. The most frequently encountered comorbidities are hypertension, diabetes, cancer, heart disease, dementia, and obesity.
Pregnant women experience changes to their immune system, making them vulnerable to respiratory diseases. Most pregnant women who have COVID-19 suffer from extreme health conditions that may affect the baby. According to World Health Organization, pregnant women with COVID-19 are more likely to give premature babies.
How to protect yourself from COVID-19?
The World Health Organization recommend these ways to avoid COVID-19:
To begin, vaccination is a top priority. Vaccines can help mitigate the severity of COVID-19 and aid your immune system in fighting the virus after it has entered your body. Additionally, a booster would help you fight the development of COVID-19 mutations in your body.
Second, the Centre for Disease Control encourages the public to stay at home to avoid exposure, particularly in areas with many cases. If you are at higher risk, obtaining a covid 19 home testing kit is suggested to avoid visiting hospitals and contracting an infection. You may also consider getting fit to fly tests if you need to go to other countries.
Thirdly, strengthen your immune system by supplementing with vitamins and minerals, eating nutritious foods, and drinking plenty of water. It is necessary to observe basic respiratory etiquette regardless of age or status, as everyone is still susceptible to the COVID-19 virus.
Are you looking for a testing provider?
Harley Medic International is a government-approved testing provider and an expert in COVID-19 testing. They have many locations across the UK, ensuring that a testing centre is near you. Getting a test is as easy as booking online and finding their closest clinic. Visit their website harleymedic.co.uk to learn more.